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Excedify gd&t symbols meaning

GD&T Symbols

List of the different gd&t symbols and their meaning

Form tolerances

  • Straightness
The line that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal lines that are parallel to each other, and the distance between these two planes is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:
The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:



red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


  • Flatness
The surface that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal planes that are parallel to each other, and the distance between these two planes is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:
The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


  • Circularity
The circle that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal circles that are concentric with each other, and the distance between these two circles is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


  • Cylindricity
The cylinder that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal cylinders that are concentric with each other, and the distance between these two cylinders is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:
The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:

red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


Orientation tolerances

  • Parallelism
The feature (line, centerline or planar surface) that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal planes that are parallel to each other, and are ideally parallel to the datum and the distance between these two planes is the value of the tolerance.
If there is a diameter sign added before the value of the tolerance, then the tolerance zone in this case is a cylinder, having a diameter equal to the tolerance value. the centerline of this cylinder is ideally parallel to the datum.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerance zone of this example would look like this:

red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone
yellow: the datum (the reference)


  • Perpendicularity
The feature (line, centerline or planar surface) that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal planes that are parallel to each other, and are ideally perpendicular to the datum and the distance between these two planes is the value of the tolerance.
If there is a diameter sign added before the value of the tolerance, then the tolerance zone in this case is a cylinder, having a diameter equal to the tolerance value. the centerline of this cylinder is ideally perpendicular to the datum.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:

red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone
yellow: the datum (the reference)


  • Angularity
The feature (line, centerline or planar surface) that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal planes that are parallel to each other, and have a theoritically exact angle to the datum and the distance between these two planes is the value of the tolerance.

If there is a diameter sign added before the value of the tolerance, then the tolerance zone in this case is a cylinder, having a diameter equal to the tolerance value. the centerline of this cylinder has a theoreticaly exact angle to the datum.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone
yellow: the datum (the reference)


  • Profile of a line
Any line on the profile that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal linear profiles that are offset from each other, and the distance between these two profiles is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


  • Profile of a surface
The profile that is pointed at by the arrow (leader) should lie between two Ideal profiles that are offset from each other, and the distance between these two profiles is the value of the tolerance.

Example of a drawing entry:
The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


red: the tolerated element
blue: the limits of the tolerance zone


Location tolerances

  • Position
Position specifies that the tolerated feature should lie in a tolerance zone which has a certain location in the part with respect to other features. Position needs a datum and theoretical dimensions. So this specification means that the tolerated centerline of the hole should lie inside a tolerance zone which is a circle with diameter of 0.1. The position of the centerline of this circle lies in a distance of 10 to datum A and 10 to datum B 

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


  • Concentricity
Concentricity or coaxiality indicates that the centerline of the tolerated circle lies in a tolerance zone which is a circle with a diameter of the tolerance value. This circle has the same centerline as the datum. 
Example of a drawing entry:
The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:

Run-out tolerances

  • Radial runout
 The part should be rotated around datum A, a measurement gauge is pressed to the surface of the tolerated cylinder and the gauge reading is set to zero. By rotating the part, the gauge indicates if there is a difference in height between the different points on the rotated circumference. This difference in height is the value of the run out. 

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


  • Total radial runout
The measurement method of the total runout is similar to this of the circular run out, but here, the evaluation is done on the complete cylinder and not on only one section of it.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


  • Axial runout
here, the tolerated feature is not a cylinder, but a planar surface.The evaluation is carried out on each circle on the surface independently.

Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this:


  • Total axial runout
here, the tolerated feature is not a cylinder, but a planar surface. The evaluation is carried out on the complete tolerated feature. 


Example of a drawing entry:The tolerancezone of this example would look like this: